The widespread requirement for monitoring Dams is the need to monitor under harsh environmental conditions in many places over long periods of time. Because of the hostile weather and topographic conditions in catchment areas, mostly rough geographic locations, it is difficult to perform monitoring of remote dam sites where there are no infrastructures for providing electric power or networking capabilities.
The present paper describes a “Remote Reality Field Server Agent System-RRS” called eDAMs which collectively manages robust monitoring sensors via several built-in Web servers. eDAMs consists of Field Sensors, data cards, communication systems, data processor and associated software. With eDAMs, it is possible to monitor disparate parameters related to water and dam environment dynamically.
In our wide-ranging system available, the sensors communicate to a client server at high speed, and acquire water level, dam worthiness (tremor), Rainfall and other data such as air temperature, humidity, PPFD (Photosynthesis Photon Flux Density), UV, CO2 concentration, canopy transpiration (EC), leaf-wetness, wind speed/direction and GPS for several applications. eDAMs is compact, rugged, water-proof, dust-proof, heat-resistant system and economical.
For our proof of concept (POC) study we developed three eDAM systems (eDAMs) which monitor water level, Temperature, Humidity and Rainfall. There is also a camera that provides high resolution images to monitor DAM sites. Regarding power supply, solar panel or battery will be expediently employed in remote FS in order to keep full wireless. These types of FS will have large solar panels for full-time working. Further, other type of FS will be equipped with smaller solar panels fixed on the top of the system.
Centralizing the operation of on Agent System (AS) and Agent Program (AP) greatly reduces the amount of effort and learning involved in setting up a Field Server network in a new location. By applying our proposed AP, which unifies scientifically and technologically advanced sensor units and operates them efficiently, it is possible to perform dynamic changes in managing schedules, linkage with other Web Servers and Web Applications. This agent program will allow user to construct an adaptable and flexible system which can perform various operations for different purposes. eDAMs provides secure services to owners (the government agencies): data collection and archiving; control of peripheral equipment; automated warnings; and graphic or simple display for personal digital assistants (PDAs).
Benefits of eDAMs are several. Significant areas are: a) implementation of eDAMs would tremendously increase the prestige and confidence level of any agency in international context; b) eDAMs will rapidly help to provide strong database; c) promotes a new concept of monitoring reservoir automatically; certainly eDAMs based data collection will replace the conventional methods practised now.